His work with code-breakig also made him a pioneer in basic concepts of probability. Ancient China certainly developed mathematics, in fact the first known proof of the Pythagorean Theorem is found in a Chinese book Zhoubi Suanjing which might have been written about BC.

Plato who ranks 40 on Michael Hart's famous list of the Most Influential Persons in History decreed that his scholars should do geometric construction solely with compass and straight-edge rather than with "carpenter's tools" like rulers and protractors. While Europe was in its early "Dark Age," Aryabhata advanced arithmetic, algebra, elementary analysis, and especially plane and spherical trigonometry, using the decimal system.

He has also helped make a distinction between mathematics and metamathematics, which is the study of using mathematics with mathematical methods. The "only if" is easy but the difficult "if" part was finally proved by Lagrange in He deliberately emphasized the beauty of pure, rather than applied, mathematics, saying his theorems were "worthy of acceptance for the sake of the demonstrations themselves.

Eudoxus of Cnidus BC Greek domain Eudoxus journeyed widely for his education, despite that he was not wealthy, studying mathematics with Archytas in Tarentum, medicine with Philiston in Sicily, philosophy with Plato in Athens, continuing his mathematics study in Egypt, touring the Eastern Mediterranean with his own students and finally returned to Cnidus where he established himself as astronomer, physician, and ethicist.

He produced at least fourteen texts of physics and mathematics nearly all of which have been lost, but which seem to have had great teachings, including much of Newton's Laws of Motion. Levi ben Gerson published only in Hebrew so, although some of his work was translated into Latin during his lifetime, his influence was limited; much of his work was re-invented three centuries later; and many histories of math overlook him altogether.

It serve as a textbook to teach geometry and mathematics. Laplace called the decimal system "a profound and important idea [given by India] which appears so simple to us now that we ignore its true merit Although some regard these paradoxes as simple fallacies, they have been contemplated for many centuries.

Linguistics may seem an unlikely qualification for a "great mathematician," but language theory is a field of mathematics. His work with code-breakig also made him a pioneer in basic concepts of probability.

It is said that the discovery of irrational numbers upset the Pythagoreans so much they tossed Hippasus into the ocean. Another of Leonardo's noteworthy achievements was proving that the roots of a certain cubic equation could not have any of the constructible forms Euclid had outlined in Book 10 of his Elements.

No one person can be credited with the invention of the decimal system, but key roles were played by early Chinese Chang Tshang and Liu HuiBrahmagupta and earlier Hindus including Aryabhataand Leonardo Fibonacci.

Earliest mathematicians Little is known of the earliest mathematics, but the famous Ishango Bone from Early Stone-Age Africa has tally marks suggesting arithmetic. He was an early pioneer of analytic geometry, advancing the theory of integration, applying algebra to synthetic geometry, and writing on the construction of conic sections.

Ptolemy also wrote on trigonometry, optics, geography, map projections, and astrology; but is most famous for his astronomy, where he perfected the geocentric model of planetary motions.

Furthermore, he continued to develop calculus, topology, number theory, analysis and graph theory as well as much, much more — and ultimately he paved the way for modern mathematics and all its revelations. He was first to find a general solution to the simplest Diophantine form.

But, unlike most ancient theories, it played a bearing on the development of geometry, as well as opening the door to the study of mathematics as a worthwhile endeavor.

He also worked with various spirals, paraboloids of revolution, etc. He's been called the best scientist of the Middle Ages; his Book of Optics has been called the most important physics text prior to Newton; his writings in physics anticipate the Principle of Least Action, Newton's First Law of Motion, and the notion that white light is composed of the color spectrum.

This is one of the fathers of modern math argumentation system and also the author of the first in the history mathematical theorems. Published Almagest, which applies mathematical theories to the motion of the planets and sun Although much of his focus was on astronomy, Ptolemy contributed to the field of mathematics in significant ways.

Although his great texts have been preserved, little else is known about Panini. One of his major contributions was his table of chord lengths in a circle which remains one of the earliest tables of a trigonometric function today.

Archimedes of Syracuse dedicated The Method to Eratosthenes. Mathematicians and applied mathematicians are considered to be two of the STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics careers.

He is less famous in part because he lived in a remote part of the Islamic empire. Since his famous theorems of geometry were probably already known in ancient Babylon, his importance derives from imparting the notions of mathematical proof and the scientific method to ancient Greeks.

His achievements are particularly impressive given the lack of good mathematical notation in his day. Ancient Persians and Mayans did have place-value notation with zero symbols, but neither qualify as inventing a base decimal system: Greece was eventually absorbed into the Roman Empire with Archimedes himself famously killed by a Roman soldier.

Several theorems bear his name, including the formula for the area of a cyclic quadrilateral: Ancient China certainly developed mathematics, in fact the first known proof of the Pythagorean Theorem is found in a Chinese book Zhoubi Suanjing which might have been written about BC.

Al-Kindi, called The Arab Philosopher, can not be considered among the greatest of mathematicians, but was one of the most influential general scientists between Aristotle and da Vinci. In any case, he was the very last Vedic Sanskrit scholar by definition: Interestingly, Ptolemy wrote that the fixed point in a model of planetary motion was arbitrary, but rejected the Earth spinning on its axis since he thought this would lead to powerful winds.

English physicist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton, most famous for his law of gravitation, was instrumental in the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century. A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

Mathematics is concerned with numbers, data, quantity, structure, space, models, and change. Dec 07, · Greek Mathematician Pythagoras is considered by some to be one of the first great mathematicians. Living around to BC, in modern day Greece, he is known to have founded the Pythagorean cult, who were noted by Aristotle to be one of the.

This is primarily a list of Greatest Mathematicians of the Past, but I use birth as an arbitrary cutoff, and two of the "Top " are still alive now. Click here for a longer List of including many more 20th-century mathematicians.

Many of the mathematical concepts that we use today were once unknown. Had it not been for famous mathematicians and their contributions, some of those concepts may not be around today.

Important thinkers throughout history like Archimedes, Pythagoras, and Benjamin Banneker have helped us understand our world through mathematics. Mathematics is a field that many people shy away from, but there are some who had a passion for numbers and making discoveries regarding equations, measurements, and other numerical solutions in .

Famous mathematician
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Famous Mathematicians - Facts & Information